The Physics of Swinging Bells

Bells in a peal swing back and forth to ring, like this: The clapper inside the bell hangs down from the top, and it swings up to strike the bell close to its most extreme position, which makes a flying clapper, or it falls down to strike the bell at the same extreme position, which makes the clapper a falling clapper.* What determines whether the clapper is flying or falling, and what difference does it make? In short, the position of the axis from which the bell is swung and a difference in musical tone and degree of reactive force … Continue reading The Physics of Swinging Bells